99% of all Independant Assessment Process (IAP) claims Resolved

September 13, 2018

The IAP is almost complete. Over 99% of claims have been resolved.

The Independent Assessment Process (IAP) was established in 2007 to resolve claims of serious physical, sexual or emotional abuse suffered at Indian Residential Schools. The IAP provides former students with a claimant-centred alternative to pursuing the Government of Canada and the churches who administered residential schools through the court system.

The IAP is almost complete. Over 99% of the 38,000 claims received have been resolved.

By the Numbers

Initially designed to resolve about 12,500 claims, the IAP received more than 38,000 applications by the application deadline of September 19, 2012.

More than 99% of all claims in the IAP have been resolved. Adjudicators have awarded over $2.1 billion in compensation to claimants in the IAP. In total, the Government of Canada has paid out more than $3.1 billion to resolve claims.

Close to 90% of IAP claimants whose claims went to a hearing or a negotiated settlement with Canada have received compensation under the IAP for the abuse they suffered at Indian Residential School.

The average amount of compensation awarded by adjudicators to claimants to date is over $91,000.

The Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement set a goal of holding 2,500 hearings per year for the IAP. At the height of operations in 2012-13, the Secretariat held 4,193 hearings.

Over 26,600 claimants have attended a hearing, where they were able to tell an independent adjudicator about the abuse they suffered at Residential School. In addition, more than 4,300 claimants received compensation under a negotiated settlement with the Government of Canada.

The Indian Residential Schools Adjudication Secretariat started with just a handful of staff and adjudicators in 2007. By 2013, more than 100 adjudicators presided over hearings, supported by a staff of over 225 employees.

Since its creation, the Indian Residential Schools Adjudication Secretariat has conducted more than 400 outreach sessions to increase awareness and educate individuals and communities about the IAP.

By August 31, 2018, the Secretariat has released over 27,675 decisions. This includes decisions under the Alternate Dispute Resolution Process, which preceded the IAP, that were released after the IAP implementation date of September 19, 2007.

The IAP Oversight Committee has determined that December 1, 2018 is the last day for first claimant hearings to be held. All claims under the IAP should be resolved by spring 2020.

Most recent IAP Statistics

The IAP Story: The Success of the Independent Assessment Process